Overview of The Campbells Are Coming, 1915, directed by Francis Ford, with Francis Ford, Grace Cunard, Mr. Denecke, at Turner Classic Movies.
In music the modern soul seems to have found expression in Wagner; in painting it may be said to have taken form and color in Manet, Degas and Whistler; in sculpture, has it not revealed itself in Rodin? On the stage it is certainly typified in Sarah Bernhardt (Stokes, 1. Symons). Bernhardt played some seventy roles in one hundred and twenty five productions in Europe, the United States, Canada, South America, Australia and the Middle East. She managed several theaters in Paris before leasing the Th. Bernhardt reinvented herself as a public icon, allowing the romances and tragedies of her stage heroines to reflect her own life. Her notable roles included the title characters in Ph. Her original birth certificate is lost and biographers also note the day before as her birth date.
Julie was the daughter of Maurice Bernard (also noted in documents as Bernardt), an oculist, and of Jeannette n. Sarah was the eldest of Julie.
It is not clear who was Sarah. It is assumed that it was a young student named Morel who pursued a career as a naval officer. Her uncle Edouard Bernard signed as her father in her baptism certificate when Bernhardt was thirteen. She spent her childhood in a pension, cared for by a hired nurse, and in Grandchamp Augustine convent school near Versailles. Her mother was absent most of the time.
Francis Ford (I) (1881–1953). Nana Sahib 1915 The Broken Coin Count Frederick 1915 One Kind of Friend. 1915 The Mystery of the Throne Room (Short). The Defence of India Act 1915, also referred to as the Defence of India Regulations Act, was an emergency criminal law enacted by the Governor-General of India in. Thus, in 1857 the Maratha Nana Sahib and his general Tantia Topi would make the last push for Marathas in the 1857 first war of independence.
Given her religious education she wanted to become a nun. Yet when she turned sixteen, her mother. Throughout her career Bernhardt kept in her room a portrait of Rachel, with whom she would be compared time and again. Rachel became a celebrity in Paris and in London through her performances as Ph. Choosing to adopt. Sarah as her stage name, Bernhardt was aware that Rachel.
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Their identification as Jews drew discriminatory antisemitic caricatures, which attacked them, for example, for their presumed greediness. Their Jewishness was further stressed in antisemitic contemporary novels and pseudo- biographies, such as Dina Samuel (1. F. After the Franco- Prussian war (1.
Bernhardt was forced to defend herself against press accusations that she was German and Jewish. Her proud reaction, reported in her biographies, was: . I am a daughter of the great Jewish race, and my somewhat uncultivated language is the outcome of our enforced wanderings. However, she was dismissed a few months later after slapping an older actress. Dissatisfied with the small parts she received in the fashionable theater Gymnase- Dramatique, she escaped to Brussels.
On December 2. 2, 1. Maurice, the fruit of her affair with Henri Prince de Ligne (1. In 1. 86. 6 she began working at the Od. In 1. 86. 8 she had her first public success playing the seductive Anna Damby in Alexandre Dumas. The critics noted her eccentric costume and warm voice. That same year she played Cordelia in Shakespeare.
Her greatest triumph at this theater was her travesti role as the minstrel boy Zanetto courting an aging courtesan in the one- act play Le Passant by Fran. During the Franco- Prussian War Bernhardt opened a hospital in the Od. When Victor Hugo returned from exile after the war, Bernhardt brilliantly played Queen Maria in his Ruy Blas at the theater. The audience was captivated by her gestures, expressive voice and superb declamation. In 1. 87. 2 her success convinced the Com. In the succeeding years with the Com.
Accordingly she impressively acted travesti roles such as Zanetto in Le Passant and later Shakespeare. Yet as the author Elaine Aston has noted, the essence of Bernhardt. She sculpted and drew with some success, exhibiting at the Salon at various times between 1. In 1. 88. 0 she also exhibited a painting there. Yet her finest skill was projecting her emotional poses into unforgettable tableaux.
She made sure that her appearance would echo masterpieces (for example, playing Th. The famous photo by Melandri of Bernhardt, lying dressed in white with closed eyes in a coffin, echoing the painting of Ophelia by Sir John Evertt Millais (1. During this time she also left her apartment in the rue de Rome and moved to her own newly built grand house at the corner of the rue Fortuny and the avenue de Villiers. Renowned painter friends such as Gustave Dor.
Her artistic bastion symbolized her new bohemian way of life. Unlike other famous salons in Europe in the second half of the nineteen century, the central attraction in her salon was not her guests but the hostess herself.
Among her friends were the authors George Sand (1. Early in 1. 88. 0 she resigned from the company and left Paris for a tour with her own company in Europe and in the United States. For the American tour Bernhardt chose plays that best showed her talents: Ph. Her tour was a great financial success. Treated as royalty, Sarah received honors from the highest nobility. King Umberto of Italy presented her with an exquisite Venetian fan, Alfonso XII of Spain gave her a diamond brooch. The Austrian emperor Franz Joseph placed an antique cameo necklace around her neck after her performance of Ph.
In Saint Petersburg Tsar Alexander III was deeply moved by her art. This turned into her first managerial disaster, although accompanied by her triumph as a Boulevard actress. The playwright Victorien Sardou offered her melodramatic scenarios to display her abilities.
With her consent he wrote plays such as F. As she received the highest payment for an actress, she gathered huge debts at her theater. Her son Maurice gave up the directorship of the Ambigu theater, and Bernhardt leased the Porte Saint- Martin, a large eighteen- hundred- seat theater.
Following the successful performance of Froufrou and La Dame aux cam. She returned to La Dame aux cam. Her repertoire of assured successful roles suggests that her performances were experienced as .
Their major sensation was the play Th. The play was performed three hundred times in Paris and more than a hundred times in London in 1. In 1. 88. 6 she left for a tour through South and North America, starting with Brazil. In the summer of 1. Paris and proudly boasted to friends that her tour made her a millionaire. Bernhardt bought a house at 5.
Boulevard P. That same year, her son Maurice married the Princess Marie- Th? In 1. 88. 9 her husband Damala died of a morphine overdose.
Through this portrayal of a nineteen- year- old virgin, the forty- five- year- old Bernhardt reclaimed her honor as an actress who had hitherto been identified with roles of a vicious queen, a prostitute and a lady of doubtful morality. Although the play was a spectacle and a success, it closed after sixteen weeks because Bernhardt suffered physically from the need to constantly fall on her knees. The successful partnership was halted with the failure of Sardou.
In June, 1. 89. 2 she was in London rehearsing Oscar Wilde. The rehearsals were interrupted because of the Lord Chamberlain. A year later she sold the Porte Saint- Martin theater and through her agent arranged to buy the Th.
Bernhardt returned to France from her world tour as the richest and most publicized actress of the day. Her net worth was 3. Bernhardt was willing to experiment with plays by young writers such as Jules Lema.
With La Princesse lointaine (1. Edmond Rostand (1. She failed, however, when she attempted to capitalize on the trend of mysticism and religiosity in the theater with Sardou. In 1. 89. 7, competing with the sensational season of Eleonora Duse (1. However, the debts gathered at her theater amounted to two million francs d. The theater offered production opportunities on a monumental scale, allowing her.
The public foyer became her own . The theater opened with a revival of La Tosca, continuing with a controversial performance of Bernhardt playing Hamlet.
But the greatest triumph was achieved through her travesti role in Rostand. Dressed in a military uniform, she played the role of Napoleon. The production was timed to coincide with the great Paris Exposition, which lured large crowds to the city and encouraged French patriotic spirit.
Sarah gave two hundred and fifty consecutive performances of L. In 1. 90. 3 a further success was achieved through Sardou. Sarah played a passionate gypsy prosecuted by a villain. In 1. 90. 4, she played Pell. During her last performance in La Tosca in Rio de Janeiro she had an accident that eventually led to the amputation of her right leg a decade later. In March, 1. 90. 6 she performed in a huge tent seating five thousand in Kansas City, Missouri, and in Dallas and Waco, Texas.
In 1. 90. 6, after her return to Paris, she played Saint Theresa in the scandalous play La Vierge d. After a successful appearance in London with L. Her chosen leading man for the tour was the handsome twenty- seven- year- old Lou Tellegan, who became her lover for the next three years. Bernhardt appeared in several silent films, but her only success was in the title role of Elizabeth. Queen of England in 1. After her return to Paris at the end of 1. Sarah, the mother of a man who killed a rival who stole his fianc.
In 1. 91. 4 Bernhardt was made a Chevalier of France. That year, at the age of seventy, she left for her last American tour, which continued for eighteen months. She was received as a celebrity and spoke at public gatherings urging the Americans to join the Allies. Deprived of the possibility of moving freely on stage, it was her golden voice that kept her audience enthralled. In 1. 92. 0 Bernhardt played in Racine. She continued to perform in Daniel by Louis Verneuil (1. In the fall of 1.
Madame Curie. Early in March 1. Hollywood agent offered her the title role in La Voyante (The Fortune Teller), a film by Sacha Guitry (1. Shortly afterwards, on March 2. Bernhardt died of uremia. There was a mass participation in Bernhard.
In 1. 87. 8 she published a prose sketch, Dans les nuages; les impressions d'une chaise (translated as . She wrote two plays in which she acted: a one- act melodrama of adultery, L. She also made an adaptation of the drama Adrienne Lecouvreur (1. She wrote an autobiography, Ma Double Vie (1. Petite Idole (1. 92. English as The Idol of Paris, 1.
Jolie Sosie (n. d.).
The Campbells Are Coming (1. Reviews: Variety, 1 October 1.
A Universal (Broadway Feature) four- reeler, founded on the historical Sepoy uprising in 1. The scenario is by Grace Cunard and was produced by Francis Ford, who also have the leading roles. The love story is subordinated to the numerous sanguinary conflicts between the English army and the Sepoys, which create furious action almost from the start. These battles permit the photographing of vast exteriors with remarkably effective perspectives and nothing could possibly be more thrilling than the bareback riding of the natives. Trained acrobats have undoubtedly been employed for dangerous falls from horses while going at full speed. The English, while defending a garrison, are artistically made up to depict the horrors which they are undergoing in defense of their womenfolk. Ford plays the sinister, treacherous, murderous Nana Sahib in a manner to make one's blood run cold and Miss Cunard handles effectively the sweet Scotch lassie who undergoes untold tortures in anticipation of being consigned to the harem of the unconscionable villain.
Hundreds of people are employed to portray the English soldiers and natives, and all of them are well drilled to create violent conflict. Hopefully a copy survives and resurfaces for public viewing.